History, geography and way of life


Norway has four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter.

The climate in Norway varies from area to area. Large variations are also found within the same areas and can vary considerably from year to year. Generally speaking, the coastal areas have a mild winter with little snow, while the inland areas have cold winters with lots of snow. On the other hand, the inland area often has warm, dry summers. Western Norway has more rain than Eastern Norway. It is often very windy along the coast, especially in autumn.

There is also a big difference between the north and south of Norway in terms of daylight. The further north you go in Norway, the shorter the days will be in winter. Hammerfest, which is the northernmost city in mainland Europe, has nearly two months of polar night in winter. During this period, there is no daylight at all. In summer, however, the situation is the complete opposite and the sun shines in the middle of the night. That is called midnight sun.

The Southern part of Norway also experience large differences in daylight during summer and winter, but there is no polar night or midnight sun.

It is the Arctic Circle, which runs a little north of Mo i Rana, which marks the border of the area which has polar night and the midnight sun.


There is a big difference between summer and winter in terms of how long the days are in Southern Norway as well, but Southern Norway has neither polar night nor midnight sun.



The highest temperature ever measured in Norway is 35.6 degrees Celsius (Nesbyen, 20 June 1970).

The lowest temperature ever measured in Norway is -51.4 degrees Celsius (Karasjok, 1 January 1886).


Mild ocean currents

Even though Norway is located far to the north, the climate is much milder than in many other northern areas of the world. This is due to the mild ocean currents from the Gulf of Mexico in Central America that flow northward all the way up the Norwegian coast and produce warmth.